DOLOMITES, WORLD HERITAGE SITE
Dolomites are today part of Word Heritage Sites, bringing to 44 the number of World Heritage Sites in Italy, which is a world record.
Dolomites take their name from the french naturalist Déodat de Dolomieu (1750-1801) who studied the unique kind of rock predominant in the area.
Dolomites (also known as Pale Mountains) are an alpine section of the italian Eastern Alps. About 70% of these mountains are in the province of Belluno, the rest are distributed across the provinces of Bolzano, Trento, Vicenza, Udine and Pordenone.
The landscape, pointy and uneven in elevation, which once was a barrier Reef, was shaped by geologic events across hundreds of millions of years, and it never stopped.
In fact the mountains are still raising in height.
The Ampezzo dolomites are formed by the following mountain groups: the Tofane Group, the Nuvolau Group, the Cristallo Group and the Sorapiss Group.
LAGHI E PASSI
A visit to the high altitude lakes is an occasion to walk in healthy places, go through bushy pine forests, and see pasturland, torrents and streams. Landscapes are breathtaking and change frequently.
Misurina Lake is the largest natural lake in Cadore and it’s 1.754 mt a.s.l.
Peculiar climatic conditions in the area make the air perfect for people suffering respiratory distress. Next to the lake you can find the only italian centre for the cure of childhood asthma.
From there, taking the road to the Tre Cime di Lavaredo, you can find Antorno Lake.
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The Cimabanche Pass (or Cima Banche, in Ladin Sórabànces, in German Im Gemärk) is an alpin pass of the Dolomites at 1.529 mt a.s.l. located between Croda Rossa and Cristallo mountains. The pass is 15 km long at 2.2% gradient on the Cortina side, while it measures 16 km at 2% on the Pusteria side. The total difference in height is 590 m.
It connects Cortina d’Ampezzo,famous tourist location and ski resort of international fame in the Conca Ampezzana, in the Veneto province of Belluno, along the Val di Landro, with Dobbiaco, located in Val Pusteria in the province of Bolzano.
A few metres south of the pass, there are two small lakes: Lake Bianco to the east and Lake Nero to the west.
The Falzàrego Pass (in Ladin Fouzargo, 2,109 m a.s.l.) is an Alpine pass in Veneto, in the province of Belluno, which connects the upper Agordino with Cortina d’Ampezzo via the Strada Statale 48 delle Dolomiti, one of the main communication arteries of the Dolomites.
It is located a few kilometres south of the border with Trentino-Alto Adige, to which it is connected via the Valparola Pass, between Lagazuoi and Nuvolau. In a dominant position with respect to the pass, Forte Sasso di Stria, a fortification dating back to the First World War, is located at 2,477 m above sea level. In reality the fort was never completely completed, on the contrary only the basements of the fort and some positions were completed.
The name Falzarego derives from the Ladin fàlza régo, that is “false king”. This appellative would refer to a legendary ruler of the Fanes kingdom, who usurped the throne from its legitimate holder and then turned to stone for having deceived his own people.
The Falzarego Pass is one of the famous Dolomite passes crossed several times over the years by the Giro d’Italia.